Nasa esa logos
          Banner Timeline
          A chronology of the Hubble Space Telescope Illustrates the mission's history from conception through its 25 years of ground-breaking observations and discoveries.
          Historical Context
          Edwin Hubble’s discoveries
          1922–1923

          With the 2.5-meter (100-inch) Hooker Telescope at Mt. Wilson Observatory in Pasadena, CA, astronomer Edwin Hubble measures the distances and velocities of...

          View more

          More about Edwin Hubble
          Historical Context
          Conception of a space telescope
          Conception of a space telescope
          1923

          German physicist and rocket scientist Hermann Oberth publishes the article, Die Rakete zu den Planetenr?umen (“The Rocket into Planetary Space”), speculating...

          View more

          More about Hermann Oberth
          Historical Context
          Feasibility of a space telescope
          Feasibility of a space telescope
          1946

          Astronomer and Princeton professor Lyman Spitzer writes a report entitled the “Astronomical Advantages of an Extraterrestrial Observatory,” in which he...

          View more

          More about Lyman Spitzer
          Historical Context
          Space Act
          Space Act
          July 29, 1958

          President Dwight D. Eisenhower signs the National Aeronautics and Space Act of 1958, which creates the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA).

          Full document at the National Archives
          Historical Context
          NASA opens
          NASA opens
          October 1, 1958

          The National Aeronautics and Space Act of 1958 creates the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA). The Act removed the responsibility of space...

          View more

          More on the birth of NASA
          Historical Context
          President Kennedy’s landing-a-man-on-the-Moon speech to Congress
          President Kennedy’s landing-a-man-on-the-Moon speech to Congress
          May 25, 1961

          In his speech to a Joint Session of Congress, Kennedy states, “First, I believe that this nation should commit itself to achieving the goal, before this...

          View more

          Full Speech transcript
          Historical Context
          NASA launches the first Orbital Astronomical Observatory
          NASA launches the first Orbital Astronomical Observatory
          April 8, 1966

          NASA launches into orbit the first of four Orbital Astronomical Observatories (OAOs). OSOs made a number of ultraviolet observations and provided learning...

          View more

          Mission information
          Historical Context
          First view of Earth from the Moon
          First view of Earth from the Moon
          August 23, 1966

          The world's first view of Earth from the vicinity of the Moon is taken by Lunar Orbiter I on August 23, 1966 at 16:35 GMT when the spacecraft was on its 16th...

          View more

          Mission Event
          Project approval
          1969

          After Lyman Spitzer gathers support from other astronomers for a "large orbital telescope, in 1969 the National Academy of Sciences gives its approval for...

          View more

          Historical Context
          "One giant leap" for mankind
          July 20, 1969

          Apollo 11 launches from Cape Kennedy on July 16, 1969, carrying Commander Neil Armstrong, Command Module Pilot Michael Collins and Lunar Module Pilot Edwin...

          View more

          NASA's Apollo 11 mission
          Mission Event
          Interchangeable instruments are recommended
          Interchangeable instruments are recommended
          1974

          Large Space Telescope (LST) planners design the telescope under budget constraints. The LST Science Working Group recommends that the space telescope carry a...

          View more

          Mission Event
          ESA joins the project
          September 17, 1975

          The European Space Agency (ESA) joins the LST project; providing 15 percent of the project funding via contribution of the Faint Object Camera (FOC) and the...

          View more

          Historical Archives of the EU
          Mission Event
          Budget approval
          Budget approval
          1977

          Congress approves the budget for a space telescope. Lockheed Missiles and Space Company wins the contract to design and build the telescope. PerkinElmer is...

          View more

          Mission Event
          Design and development of the LST begins
          Design and development of the LST begins
          1978

          NASA assigns responsibility for design, development, and construction of the space telescope to the Marshall Space Flight Center in Huntsville, Alabama....

          View more

          Mission Event
          Astronauts begin underwater training with a space telescope mockup
          Astronauts begin underwater training with a space telescope mockup
          1979

          Marshall Space Flight Center’s (MSFC's) Neutral Buoyancy Simulator (NBS) serves as the test center for astronauts training for space-related missions. The...

          View more

          Mission Event
          Work begins on the 2.4 meter (7.9 ft) mirror
          Work begins on the 2.4 meter (7.9 ft) mirror
          1979

          The optics company PerkinElmer is commissioned to build the Optical Telescope Assembly (OTA) and Fine Guidance Sensors (FGS). The mirror polishing was...

          View more

          Mission Event
          Science operations center is established
          Science operations center is established
          1981

          The Space Telescope Science Institute (STScI) is established as the telescope’s science operations center on the campus of the Johns Hopkins University in...

          View more

          Mission Event
          Telescope is named
          1983

          The telescope is named the Hubble Space Telescope after renowned astronomer Edwin Powell Hubble (1889-1953) — one of the great pioneers of modern astronomy.

          The Hubble Story (NASA)
          Mission Event
          Launch date is moved

          A number of delays stemming from underestimating the costs and engineering requirements of the state-of-the-art telescope causes the launch date to be moved...

          View more

          Mission Event
          Science instruments are delivered
          Science instruments are delivered
          1983

          The science instruments are delivered for testing at NASA in 1983.
          IMAGE: Goddard High Resolution Spectrograph (GHRS)

          Mission Event
          Optical Telescope Assembly (OTA) is ready
          Optical Telescope Assembly (OTA) is ready
          October 29 – November 1, 1984

          The precision-ground mirror is completed and the OTA is transported from PerkinElmer to Lockheed.

          Mission Event
          ST-ECF begins operations
          ST-ECF begins operations
          1984

          The Space Telescope–European Coordinating Facility (ST-ECF) is established in Munich, Germany, and serves as the telescope’s science support for European...

          View more

          Mission Event
          Integration at Lockheed is completed
          Integration at Lockheed is completed
          February 15, 1985

          Work on building Hubble is completed. The telescope, assembled at Lockheed, is ready for launch.

          Historical Context
          Challenger disaster
          Challenger disaster
          January 28, 1986

          NASA Space Shuttle orbiter Challenger disintegrated 73 seconds after liftoff.
          IMAGE: Space shuttle STS-51-L crew; (Back row, left to right) Ellison S....

          View more

          Space Shuttle Challenger disaster (Wikipedia)
          Historical Context
          Launch of Mir spacecraft
          Launch of Mir spacecraft
          February 20, 1986

          The first modular space station, Mir, is launched into orbit by the Soviet Union as part of an effort to maintain a long-term research outpost in space. Mir...

          View more

          Mir Space Station (NASA History)
          Mission Event
          Launch is delayed
          Launch is delayed
          1986

          Hubble’s launch is delayed after the Challenger accident. The telescope is kept at Lockheed. Engineers use the interim period to subject the telescope to...

          View more

          Pre-launch - 1990 - 1991 - 1992 - 1993 - 1994 - 1995 - 1996 - 1997 - 1998 - 1999 - 2000 - 2001 - 2002 - 2003 - 2004 - 2005 - 2006 - 2007 - 2008 - 2009 - 2010 - 2011 - 2012 - 2013 - 2014 - 2015
          131美女做爰图片